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RAS Pre Syllabus 2023

Rajasthan State and Subordinate Services Combined Competitive  (Preliminary) Examination, 2023 

Scheme & Syllabus of Examination:- 

The Preliminary Examination will consist of one paper on the subject specified  below, which will be of objective type and carry a maximum of 200 marks.  

The examination is meant to serve as a screening test only. The Standard of the  paper will be that of a Bachelor’s Degree Level. The marks obtained in the Preliminary  Examination by the candidates, who are declared qualified for admission to Main  Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.  



Max Marks 


General Knowledge and General Science 


3 Hours


1. There will be 150 questions of multiple choice (Objective Type), carrying equal marks.  2. There will be negative marking 1/3 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

History, Art, Culture, Literature, Tradition & Heritage of Rajasthan

Pre-historical sites of Rajasthan- from Palaeolithic to Chalcolithic and Bronze Age. Historical Rajasthan: Important historical centres of Early Christian Era. Society, Religion  and Culture in Ancient Rajasthan.  

Political and Cultural achievements of prominent rulers of major dynasties - Guhila,  Pratihar, Chauhan, Parmar, Rathore, Sisodiya and Kachchawa. Administrative and Revenue  System in Medieval Rajasthan.  

Emergence of Modern Rajasthan: Agents of Social Awakening in Rajasthan during 19th- 20th Centuries. Political Awakening: role of newspapers and political institutions. Tribal and Peasant movements in 20th century, Praja Mandal movements in various princely states  during 20th century. Integration of Rajasthan. 

Architectural Tradition of Rajasthan- temples, forts, palaces and man- made water bodies; Various schools of paintings and handicrafts. 

Performing Art: Classical Music and Classical Dance; Folk Music & Instruments; Folk  Dances & Drama. 

Language & Literature: Dialects of Rajasthani Language. Literature of Rajasthani language  and Folk literature.  

Religious Life: Religious Communities, Saints and Sects in Rajasthan. Folk Deities of  Rajasthan. 

Social Life in Rajasthan: Fairs and festivals; Social customs and traditions; attires and  ornaments. 

Leading Personalities of Rajasthan.

Indian History

Ancient & Medieval Period: 

Cultural Foundations of India - Indus and Vedic Age; Renunciatory tradition and new  religious ideas of 6th Century BC- Ajivakas, Buddhism and Jainism. 

Achievements of prominent rulers of major dynasties: Maurya, Kushan, Satavahan, Gupta,  Chalukya, Pallava and Chola.  

Art and Architecture in Ancient India. 

Development of Language and Literature in Ancient India: Sanskrit, Prakrit and Tamil. Sultanate Period: Achievements of prominent Sultanate Rulers. Cultural achievements of  Vijaynagar.  

Mughal Period: Political challenges and reconciliation- Afghan, Rajput, Deccan States &  Maratha. 

Development of Art & Architecture, Paintings and Music during medieval period. Religious & Literary contribution of Bhakti & Sufi movement. 

Modern Period (from early 19th century to 1964):  

Evolution of Modern India & Emergence of Nationalism: Intellectual awakening; Press; Western education. Socio- religious reforms during 19th century: various leaders and  institutions. 

The Freedom Struggle & Indian National Movement- its various stages, streams and  important contributors, contributions from different parts of the country. 

Post-independence Nation Building: The linguistic reorganisation of the states, Institutional  building during Nehruvian age, Development of science and technology.

Geography of World and India

World Geography: 

Major Landforms- Mountains, Plateaus, Plains & Deserts  

Major Rivers & Lakes 

Types of Agriculture  

Major Industrial Regions 

Environmental Issues- Desertification, Deforestation, Climate Change & Global Warming,  Ozone Layer Depletion  

Geography of India:  

Major Landforms- Mountains, Plateaus, Plains  

Mechanism of Monsoon & Rainfall distribution 

Major Rivers & Lakes 

Major Crops- Wheat, Rice, Cotton, Sugarcane, Tea & Coffee 

Major Minerals- Iron ore, Manganese, Bauxite, Mica 

Power Resources- Conventional & Non-Conventional  

Major Industrial Regions. 

National Highways & Major Transport Corridors

Geography of Rajasthan

Major physiographic regions and their characteristics 

Climatic characteristics 

Major Rivers & Lakes 

Natural Vegetation & Soil 

Major Crops- Wheat, Maize, Barley, Cotton, Sugarcane & Bajra 

Major Industries 

Major Irrigation Projects & Water Conservation Techniques 

Population-Growth, Density, Literacy, Sex-ratio & Major Tribes 

Minerals- Metallic & Non-Metallic 

Power Resources- Conventional & Non-Conventional  

Biodiversity & its Conservation 

Tourist Centres & Circuits

Indian Constitution, Political System & Governance

Indian Constitution: Philosophical Postulates- 

Constituent Assembly, Salient features of Indian Constitution, Constitutional Amendments.  Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties. Indian Political System: 

President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Parliament, Supreme Court & Judicial  Review. 

Election Commission of India, Comptroller and Auditor General, NITI Aayog, Central  Vigilance Commission, Lokpal, Central Information Commission, National Human Rights  Commission. 

Federalism, Democratic Politics in India, Coalition Governments, National Integration.

Political and Administrative System of Rajasthan

State Political System:  

Governor, Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Legislative Assembly, High Court. Administrative System: 

District Administration, Local Self Government, Panchayati Raj Institutions.


Rajasthan Public Service Commission, State Human Rights Commission, Lokayukt, State  Election Commission, State Information Commission. 

Public Policy & Rights: 

Public Policy, Legal Rights and Citizen’s Charter.

Economic Concepts and Indian Economy

Basic Concepts of Economics 

Basic Knowledge of Budgeting, Banking, Public Finance, Goods and Service Tax, National  Income, Growth and Development 

Accounting- Concept, Tools and Uses in Administration 

Stock Exchange and Share Market 

Fiscal and Monetary Policies 

Subsidies, Public Distribution System 


Inflation- Concept, Impact and Control Mechanism 

Economic Development & Planning  

Major Sectors of Economy: - Current Status, Issues & Initiatives of Agriculture, Industry,  Service and Trade sectors 

Major Economic Problems and Government Initiatives. Economic Reforms and  Liberalization 

Human Resource and Economic Development  

Human Development Index 

Happiness Index 

Poverty and Unemployment: - Concept, Types, Causes, Remedies and Current Flagship  Schemes. 

Social Justice and Empowerment  

Provisions for Weaker Sections.

Economy of Rajasthan

Macro overview of Economy. 

Major Agricultural, Industrial and Service Sector Issues.  

Growth, Development and Planning. 

Infrastructure & Resources. 

Major Development Projects. 

Major Welfare Schemes of State Government for SC/ST/Backward Classes/ Minorities/  Disabled Persons, Destitute, Women, Children, Old Age People, Farmers & Labourers.

Science & Technology

Basics of Everyday Science. 

Computers, Information and Communication Technology.  

Defence Technology, Space Technology and Satellites. 

Nanotechnology, Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering. 

Food and Nutrition, Blood Groups and Rh Factor.  

Health care; Infectious, Non-Infectious and Zoonotic diseases. 

Environmental and Ecological Changes and their Impact. 

Biodiversity, Conservation of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.

Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry with special reference to  Rajasthan.  

Development of Science and Technology with special reference to Rajasthan.

Reasoning & Mental Ability

Logical Reasoning (Deductive, Inductive, Abductive): 

Statement and Assumptions  

Statement and Argument  

Statements and Conclusion  

Statement and Courses of Action 

Analytical Reasoning 

Mental Ability: 

Number /Letter sequences 


Problems related to Relations  

Direction sense test 

Logical Venn diagram 

Mirror / Water images 

Shapes and their sub sections 

Basic Numeracy:  

Ratio, Proportion and Partnership 


Simple and Compound Interest 

Perimeter and Area of Plane figures 

Data Analysis (Tables, Bar diagram, Line graph, Pie-chart) 

Mean(Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic), Median and Mode 

Permutation and Combination 

Probability (Simple Problems)

Current Affairs

Major Current Events and Issues of Rajasthan, India and International Importance.

Persons, Places and Institutions in News. 

Games and Sports related activities.


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